Alopecia areata describes spotty,
oval-shaped hair loss.
This form of hair loss is universal to all races and genders, with over 75% of young men/women affected by it. Alopecia areata starting as 3-4cm wide patches. can gradually increase in size and number.

■ Causes of Alopecia areata

Although there are many theories regarding its causes, none of them is yet to be orthodox.
In the beginning, parasites, mold, and bacteria were discussed. Then, in the early 1900s, psychological,
neurological factors were considered. Nowadays, however, it is being regarded as an autoimmune disease.


Causes of Alopecia areata
Telogen Effluvium

High fever-inducing influenza and pneumonia may cause hair loss after 1-4 months . It occurs when fever damages hair roots, causing follicles to immediately enter the resting stage. A form of hair loss that occurs 2-5 months after delivery is called postpartum telogen effluvium, resulting from a large number of follicles entering the resting stage after their normal growing cycle being disrupted by hormone changes.




Traumatic Alopecia

Traumatic alopecia is is a hair loss resulted by external causes.This may occur when continued pressure from forcefully pulling out healthy hairs causes malnourishment of follicles.




Hair Loss from Endocrine Disorder

Hair loss can take place when hormone imbalance interrupts normal hair growth cycle, extending the resting period. Such case includes hair loss on may fall out due to malfunction of hypophyseal , also, malfunction of thyroid is contributed to density of body hair is getting decrease starting from head such as eyebrow and al opecia areata. And diabetes are one of cause of endocrine disorder.




Hair Loss from Nutritional, Metabolic Disorder

Severe diet control to reduce weight, digestive malfunctions can cause hair loss




Hair Loss as a Side Effect of Medication

It is a case of anticancer treatments, anticoagulant, excessive of vitamin A, or antilipemic agents hindering hair growth.Such form of hair loss begins after 10-12 days of intake, but is also recoverable upon ceasing medication




 Hair Loss on Unhealthy Skin

Occurs when skin is affected by dermatitis, Hansen’s disease, syphilis, or tumor cells .




Cicatricial Alopecia

The term cicatricial alopecia refers to hair loss on scarred tissues. While bum and injury are two most common forms of cicatricial alopecia, scars from surgery, skin disorder can also be the cause.




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